Cellulose/GO monolith covered with Pd–Pt bimetallic nanocrystals for continuous-flow catalytic reduction of hexavalent chromium

Astrini Pradyasti, Hyeon Jin Kim, Woo Jin Hyun, Mun Ho Kim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Cellulose monolith materials have interconnected open porous structures with very high porosity, making them attractive structures for use as support materials in heterogeneous catalysis applications. In this study, we developed a highly efficient and reusable continuous-flow reactor for Cr(VI) remediation by combining the advantageous features of cellulose monoliths with suitable reinforcement techniques. We fabricated a porous monolithic cellulose/graphene oxide (GO) composite with a continuous three-dimensional skeletal framework using the thermally induced phase separation technique. Pd nanocrystals were synthesized in situ on the surface of the composite monolith, and then converted to porous Pd–Pt bimetallic nanocrystals through a galvanic replacement reaction. This approach eliminated the need for additional reductants and stabilizers, making the process simpler and more environmentally friendly. Under carefully optimized conditions, the cellulose/GO/Pd–Pt nanocomposite monolith exhibited outstanding performance in continuous-flow reactions for Cr(VI) reduction, achieving a maximum conversion rate of 98 %. Moreover, the nanocomposite monolith-based heterogeneous catalyst exhibited remarkable long-term stability, maintaining its catalytic activity even after extended periods of storage in the dried state. These findings highlight the potential of cellulose-based composite monoliths as versatile and robust support materials for heterogeneous catalysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121837
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2024


  • Cellulose
  • Composite monolith
  • Continuous-flow reactor
  • Cr(VI) remediation
  • Pd–Pt bimetallic nanocrystal


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