Boundary-induced spatiotemporal complex patterns in excitable systems

Olga Nekhamkina*, Moshe Sheintuch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


We show that inhomogeneous boundary conditions (BCs) in a distributed reaction-diffusion excitable system are a natural source of permanent perturbations that can induce wave trains, which can be characterized as mixed-mode temporal oscillations and, when a parameter is varied, admit a period-adding bifurcation. To that end we analyze: a pair of coupled excitable and oscillatory cells, a distributed FitzHugh-Nagumo model, and a distributed five-variable model that describes CO catalytic oxidation. The obtained results account for the recently reported experimental observations of mixed-mode oscillations showing a period-adding bifurcation during CO oxidation on a disk-shaped catalytic cloth with imposed cold temperature BC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number066224
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes


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