Boron removal from water and its recovery using iron (Fe+3) oxide/hydroxide-based nanoparticles (NanoFe) and NanoFe-impregnated granular activated carbon as adsorbent

Grigori Zelmanov, Raphael Semiat*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study presents information obtained by the synthesis of Fe(3) oxide/hydroxide nanoparticles sol (NanoFe) and NanoFe-impregnated granular activated carbon as adsorbents for boron removal from solutions. The research describes an adsorption method for cleaning a solution containing boron contaminants followed by recovery of the adsorbent and the adsorbed material for safe removal or further reuse. The technology provides an efficient method of boron removal from water. A marked effect of NanoFe and NanoFe-impregnated GAC adsorbents concentration and pH level on boron removal efficiency was demonstrated. At least 95-98% boron recovery efficiency is possible using NanoFe sol and Fe-impregnated GAC that in fact also recover the adsorbent for reuse. Boron adsorption onto the NanoFe-impregnated GAC adsorbent may be described by pseudo-second-order reaction kinetics and the Langmuir isotherm model. The boron adsorption capacity on iron (3) oxide nanoparticles and Fe-impregnated GAC at an equilibrium concentration of 0.3mg/dm3 as B in the solution is much higher than these values for similar adsorbents reported in the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-117
Number of pages11
JournalDesalination
Volume333
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Boron
  • Fe-impregnated GAC
  • Recovery
  • Water purification

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