The distribution of Ge-O-Ge and Si-O-Si bond angles a in amorphous germania and silica is re-determined on the basis of diffraction experiments. The bond angle a joining adjacent tetrahedra is the central parameter of any continuous random network description (CRN) of these glasses. New high energy photon diffraction experiments on amorphous germania (at photon energies of 97 and 149 keV) are presented, covering the momentum transfer 0.6-33.5 Å-1. In photon diffraction experiments on GeO2 the contribution of the OO pairs is very small. To obtain a similar information for amorphous SiO2, high energy photon diffraction experiments  have been combined with neutron diffraction data [2, 3] on amorphous silica in order to eliminate the OO-partial structure factor. With this technique it is shown that the Si-O-Si angle distribution is fairly narrow (σ = 7.5°) and in fact comparable in width to the Ge-O-Ge angle distribution (σ = 8.3°), a result which differs from current opinion. The narrower distribution found in this study are in much better agreement to the determinations based on 29Si-MAS-NMR. Among the various models relating the chemical shift to the bond angle, best agreement is found with those models based on the secant model Sharp components in the bond angle distribution can be excluded within the reached real space resolution of 0.09 Å.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Berichte der Bunsengesellschaft/Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics|
|State||Published - 1996|
- Hard X-ray Scattering