Assembly of Au colloids into linear and spherical aggregates and effect of ultrasound irradiation on structure

Ziyi Zhong*, Fengxi Chen, Alamelu Suriya Subramanian, Jianyi Lin, James Highfield, Aharon Gedanken

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, we aimed to tune the aggregation state of Au colloids by judicious regulation of their surface charges and by introduction of ultrasound irradiation. Au colloids were prepared by reduction of HAuCl4 with NaBH4 in the presence of 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) as the stabilizing ligand. The Au colloids capped with MPA molecules possessing a single -SH terminal group, can form either linear or spherical Au colloid aggregates depending on the MPA Au ratio, solution pH and Au colloid concentration. Adjustment of these parameters provides a convenient means of regulating surface charge on the Au colloid surface and, thus, the state and degree of aggregation. The spherical aggregates appeared to be thermodynamically stable, and ultrasound irradiation could promote their formation. Intense ultrasound irradiation resulted in the formation of well-crystallized nanospheres whilst mild irradiation tended to produce a more amorphous product. This is the first observation of a sonication effect on the crystallization state in freely suspended Au colloids in aqueous solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-495
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

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