An innovative lanthanum carbonate grafted microfibrous composite for phosphate adsorption in wastewater

Yi Yang, Kok Yuen Koh, Ruiying Li, Huiping Zhang, Ying Yan, J. Paul Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Excessive presence of phosphorus in waters can cause eutrophication, a global unsolved environmental problem that has caused harmful effects to our eco-system and the source of our drinking water. In the study presented in this paper, a novel lanthanum carbonate grafted microfibrous composite (LC–MC) adsorbent was synthesized aiming at removing large amount of phosphate in wastewater efficiently. An optimized LC–MC was firstly prepared. The most suitable pH for the phosphate uptake was pH 7 to 9. The adsorption showed similar behavior in a wide range of ionic strength. The presence of co-existing anions was proved to have a less significant effect on the removal. The adsorption isotherm data were better fitted by the Freundlich isotherm than the Langmuir isotherm. The equilibrium was reached at about 300 min of contact time. 80 % of original adsorption capacity can be achieved even after 5 cycles of adsorption- desorption operations, indicating great regenerative performance of the adsorbent. The adsorption mechanism study showed that the ligand exchange played a key role during the phosphate adsorption.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121952
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume392
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Lanthanum carbonate
  • Ligand exchange
  • Microfibrous composite
  • Phosphate adsorption

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