Advantage of Larger Interlayer Spacing of a Mo2Ti2C3 MXene Free-Standing Film Electrode toward an Excellent Performance Supercapacitor in a Binary Ionic Liquid-Organic Electrolyte

Dayakar Gandla, Fuming Zhang, Daniel Q. Tan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

MXenes show outstanding specific capacitance in aqueous electrolytes. However, the narrow potential window of aqueous electrolytes restrains the energy density. Ionic liquid electrolytes can provide a higher potential window and superior specific energy but are subject to slow ion transport and difficult intercalation for their larger ion size. It is desirable to explore larger interlayer-spaced (d-spaced) MXenes that can facilitate the large ion intercalation-deintercalation process. This work reports the first-ever supercapacitor application of the Mo2Ti2C3 MXene free-standing film electrode (f-Mo2Ti2C3) using 1 M 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)-imide (EMIMTFSI) in acetonitrile electrolyte. Without any preintercalating agents, the authors achieved an interlayer spacing of ∼2.4 nm in the f-Mo2Ti2C3 material through etching, followed by a vacuum-assisted filtration technique. The microstructure, electrochemical properties, and charge storage kinetics of the f-Mo2Ti2C3 outperform the conventional f-Ti3C2Tx. The f-Mo2Ti2C3-based symmetric two-electrode device exhibited remarkable specific energy and specific power of 188 Wh kg-1 and 22 kW kg-1, respectively, along with a high specific capacitance of 152 F g-1. This larger d-spaced f-Mo2Ti2C3 can emerge as a better alternative to the conventional f-Ti3C2Tx in ionic liquid electrolytes to design next-generation high-performance MXene supercapacitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7190-7198
Number of pages9
JournalACS Omega
Volume7
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022

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