A different approach for predicting reaeration rates in gravity sewers and completely mixed tanks

Ori Lahav*, Assaf Binder, Eran Friedler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new semiempirical approach is presented for predicting air-to-water oxygen transfer rates in mixed tanks and gravity sewers, using methods adopted from mixing theory. First, a flocculation unit was used to impart selected mean velocity gradients (G) into a completely mixed tank, from which oxygen was first removed, and dissolved oxygen concentrations were measured with time. Regression analysis was used to fit the rate of oxygen transfer equation against G. The reaeration rate in completely mixed reactors was found to be proportional to G2 (R2 = 0.987). Subsequently, G was linked to headless in sewers, and the equation was calibrated using a slope-adjustable, 27-m-long, gravity-flow, experimental sewer (internal diameter, D = 0.16 m). Here, the reaeration rate was proportional to G 1 (R2 = 0.981). The equation was compared with existing oxygen transfer models and validated against experimental data from the literature, to which the overall mass transfer coefficient for oxygen, K La, derived by the new approach, conformed well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)730-739
Number of pages10
JournalWater Environment Research
Volume78
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gas transfer
  • Gravity sewers
  • Mean velocity gradient
  • Reaeration equation

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